- Insulation resistance and resistivity
Resistance is the reciprocal of conductance, and resistivity is the resistance per unit volume. The less conductive the material, the greater its resistance, and the two are in a reciprocal relationship. For insulating materials, it is always desirable to have the highest resistivity possible.
- Breakdown voltage and electric strength
Under a certain strong electric field, the insulating material breaks down and loses its insulating properties, and becomes a conductive state, which is called breakdown. The voltage at the breakdown is called breakdown voltage (dielectric strength). Electric strength is the quotient of the voltage when a breakdown occurs under specified conditions and the distance between the two electrodes that bear the applied voltage, that is, the breakdown voltage per unit thickness. PVC insulating tape tells you that for insulating materials, the higher the breakdown voltage and electrical strength, the better.
- Tensile strength
It is the maximum tensile stress that the sample bears in the tensile test. It is the most widely used and representative test for the mechanical properties of insulating materials.
- Combustion resistance
Refers to the ability of insulating materials to resist burning when in contact with flames or to prevent continued burning when they leave the flames. With the ever-expanding application of insulating materials, the requirements for their combustion resistance become more important. People use various means to improve and enhance the combustion resistance of insulating materials. The higher the combustion resistance, the better the safety.
- The relative permittivity and dielectric loss tangent
There are two uses of insulating materials: mutual insulation of various parts of the electrical network and the medium of capacitors (energy storage). The former requires a small relative permittivity, the latter requires a large relative permittivity, and both require a small dielectric loss tangent, especially for insulating materials used under high frequency and high voltage, in order to make the dielectric loss small, both require the use of Insulating material with a small dielectric loss tangent.
- Arc resistance
Under the specified test conditions, the insulating material’s ability to withstand the arc action along its surface. In the test, AC high voltage and small current are used, and the arcing effect generated by the high voltage between the two electrodes is used to determine the arc resistance of the insulating material by the time required to form a conductive layer on the surface of the insulating material. The larger the time value, the better the arc resistance.
- Sealing degree
It is better to seal and isolate oil and water quality.
The above is the reason why PVC insulation tape affects the performance of insulation materials.